In these works an empty chair symbolizes an invitation, or a record that an invitation wasn’t accepted. An empty chair can also represent someone who was here and is now missing. I use the empty chair to explore rich human themes that are under examined such as domestic violence, prejudice, illness, aging and loss, as well as humor and enlightenment.

You Can Always Hope

Oil on Canvas, 48 x 36

Out of the Wilderness

Oil triptych, 48 x 36

Portrait of a Missing Couple

Oil triptych, 48 x 36

In 1936 Anna Freud coined the term blame-shifting: when a person attributes their own unwanted thoughts, feelings, or motives onto another person (A. Freud, 1936). Blame-shifting destroys the credibility of the innocent and allows the trickster to avoid consequences.

Cleansing the Family of Cult Traditions

When the enmeshed family agrees to believe lies, keep secrets and place blame and when they use religious beliefs to reinforce and justify this unhealthy behavior the family has degenerated into a cult. Cult behavior is learned from a previous generation and carefully passed on to the next generation in a similar way that prejudice is carefully taught. This results in a sick family with sick traditions and a sick distortion of religion. Alma calls this Priestcraft, and Timothy says “from such turn away.” The only hope for such an enmeshed family is repentance and faith on the Lord Jesus Christ.

Oil on linen, triptych, 24 x 36

Missing (with apologies to Theodore Waddell)

Acrylic on paper, 20 x 16

Untold Aftermath

Oil quadriptych, 49 x 24.5

Where are you going with this?

Mixed media, 36 x 37

Missing Matador

Acrylic and ink on paper, 36 x 34.5

Indoctrination of the Innocent

Oil on linen, 24 x 30 “Grooming” is the manipulator’s methodology to gain faithful followers.

Defending my Position

Oil on panel, 11 x 30

Targeting Blame (with apologies to Piet Mondrian)

Acrylic on paper, 24 x 30

Emotional abuse is focused on manipulating the victim until they blame themselves. This is also called “gaslighting.”

Turbulent Times

Oil on linen, 9.5 x 11.5 Turbulent times are opportunities for us to thrive spiritually. President Russell M. Nelson, October 2020

Opportunity Cost

18 x 23, Oil on linen

We All Fall Down

Charcoal and colored pencil on paper, 19.5 x 15.5

Inanimate Escape (with apologies to Eadweard Muybridge) 

Oil on canvas triptych, 25 x 25

Warned to Flee

Acrylic on paper

Elijah’s Fire on Mount Carmel

Acrylic on paper, 16 x 20

I Have Replaced You

Oil on panel, 11 x 10

Family Games

Oil on panel, 11 x 10

Without Authentication

Oil diptych, 74 x 48

Telling my story after being stripped of legitimacy by two generations

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